140. Removal, resignation of auditor and giving of special notice

(1) The auditor appointed under section 139 may be removed from his office

before the expiry of his term only by a special resolution of the company, after obtaining the

previous approval of the Central Government in that behalf in the prescribed manner:

Provided that before taking any action under this sub-section, the auditor concerned

shall be given a reasonable opportunity of being heard.

(2) The auditor who has resigned from the company shall file within a period of thirty

days from the date of resignation, a statement in the prescribed form with the company and

the Registrar, and in case of companies referred to in sub-section (5) of section 139,

the auditor shall also file such statement with the Comptroller and Auditor-General

of India, indicating the reasons and other facts as may be relevant with regard to his

resignation.

(3) If the auditor does not comply with sub-section (2), he or it shall be punishable with

fine which shall not be less than fifty thousand rupees but which may extend to five lakh rupees.

(4)           (i) Special notice shall be required for a resolution at an annual general meeting

appointing as auditor a person other than a retiring auditor, or providing expressly that a

retiring auditor shall not be re-appointed, except where the retiring auditor has completed a

consecutive tenure of five years or, as the case may be, ten years, as provided under

sub-section (2) of section 139.

(ii) On receipt of notice of such a resolution, the company shall forthwith send a copy

thereof to the retiring auditor.

(iii) Where notice is given of such a resolution and the retiring auditor makes with

respect thereto representation in writing to the company (not exceeding a reasonable length)

and requests its notification to members of the company, the company shall, unless the

representation is received by it too late for it to do so,—

(a) in any notice of the resolution given to members of the company, state the

fact of the representation having been made; and

(b) send a copy of the representation to every member of the company to whom

notice of the meeting is sent, whether before or after the receipt of the representation

by the company,

and if a copy of the representation is not sent as aforesaid because it was received too late

or because of the company’s default, the auditor may (without prejudice to his right to be

heard orally) require that the representation shall be read out at the meeting:

Provided that if a copy of representation is not sent as aforesaid, a copy thereof shall

be filed with the Registrar:

Provided further that if the Tribunal is satisfied on an application either of the company

or of any other aggrieved person that the rights conferred by this sub-section are being

abused by the auditor, then, the copy of the representation may not be sent and the

representation need not be read out at the meeting.

(5) Without prejudice to any action under the provisions of this Act or any other law

for the time being in force, the Tribunal either suo motu or on an application made to it by the

Central Government or by any person concerned, if it is satisfied that the auditor of a

company has, whether directly or indirectly, acted in a fraudulent manner or abetted or

colluded in any fraud by, or in relation to, the company or its directors or officers, it may, by

order, direct the company to change its auditors:

Provided that if the application is made by the Central Government and the Tribunal is

satisfied that any change of the auditor is required, it shall within fifteen days of receipt of

such application, make an order that he shall not function as an auditor and the Central

Government may appoint another auditor in his place:

Provided further that an auditor, whether individual or firm, against whom final order

has been passed by the Tribunal under this section shall not be eligible to be appointed as

an auditor of any company for a period of five years from the date of passing of the order and

the auditor shall also be liable for action under section 447.

Explanation I.—It is hereby clarified that the case of a firm, the liability shall be of the

firm and that of every partner or partners who acted in a fraudulent manner or abetted or

colluded in any fraud by, or in relation to, the company or its director or officers.

Explanation II.—For the purposes of this Chapter the word “auditor” includes a firm

of auditors.